The Senate on Thursday approved a broad U.S. economic pact with Canada and Mexico, fulfilling President Trump`s promise of a new North American trade deal just before his impeachment proceedings. In 1993, NAFTA passed the Senate by 61 votes to 38, and the agreement has since been criticized by Capitol Hill lawmakers for allowing the influx of U.S. jobs into Mexico. An important part of the new agreement is devoted to updating this initial text by adding revised guidelines for food security, e-commerce and online data flows, as well as anti-corruption provisions. Republicans and the president complained about the time it took to conclude the negotiations, but the discussions resulted in a rare mix of support for the USMCA. The AFL-CIO, a group of trade unions, approved the measure with many business and farmers` groups. The main stop-in-cuts are environmental groups that continue to oppose this measure because it does not address climate change. In fact, they say the agreement would contribute to rising temperatures. The Senate on Thursday overwhelmingly approved a revised North American trade pact in a rare cross-party vote that gives President Trump a victory over a central campaign promise as lawmakers prepare for impeachment proceedings. The unusual manifestation of multiparty support for the North American trade agreement came just before House of Representatives officials formally submitted the charges against Mr. Trump and offered a stark contrast.
Trump accused the current trade pact with Canada and Mexico, the North American free trade agreement, of sending millions of manufacturing jobs to low-wage factories south of the U.S. border. His government has secured changes to produce more cars where workers earn on average at least $16 an hour. It also announced changes that require Mexico to amend its legislation to make it easier for workers to create independent unions, which should improve working conditions and wages and reduce the incentive for U.S. companies to relocate their factories. The support of a number of leading working-class voices, including the first support of the A.A. F.L.-C.I.O. for an 18-year trade deal, has helped build support from Democrats such as Brown, Wyden and Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts, the Democratic presidential candidate. « I never thought I`d vote for a trade deal during my tenure in the Senate, much of which I wrote, » said Senator Sherrod Brown, a Democrat from Ohio, whose vote in favor of the pact was his first in favor of a trade deal in a quarter of a century. Brown welcomed the move after the language of labour application developed by him and Senator Ron Wyden, a Democrat from Oregon, was included in the final agreement. « The Trump administration also included prospectuses for the oil and gas industry, such as the lifting of tariffs on the oil sands, and refused to include the climate crisis in the agreement, » Schumer said. MEXICO CITY (Reuters) – The Mexican government will send a new North American trade deal to the Senate on Thursday that is expected to ratify the agreement « soon, » President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said at a press briefing.
The trade law was passed the day after Trump signed a new trade deal with China that freed trade tensions between economic powers. Some senators have argued for the benefits of the new agreement for their own constituents, including Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., who called it « a great victory for Kentucky and the 50 states. » The Senate vote came a day after Trump signed a much-anticipated Phase 1 deal with China, and just before the Senate officially commenced the impeachment process for Trump for abuse of power. Senate Republicans had little influence on the process, with spokeswoman Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) playing a make-up or break in the decision to put the agreement on the grounds of the House of Representatives