However, the PPSA sets requirements for the effectiveness of security interests and also sets rules for their priority and events in the event of insolvency and enforcement. While the PPSA itself should not change the fundamentality of various security agreements or the fundamental nature of the rights granted to financiers, there are rules of validity, priority, insolvency and enforcement that can enhance, deny or affect the value of those rights. A blow to the parties occurs when an exchange of benefits takes place between the parties (for example. B a repair for repairing a thing if the owner pays for repair of the repair). The PPSA is a fundamental principle for the entry into force of security agreements in accordance with its conditions. As a general rule, the legal form of security agreements currently under way should not change (although many of them need to be developed). For example, financiers will retain legitimate ownership of the property on bail. A common situation that leads to a voluntary derailment is when a person leaves goods with someone for service (z.B. dry cleaning, animal care, auto-tuning-up).
The lease must keep the goods safe so that the bailor can recover them within a reasonable time. However, there is no agreement to which the goods are delivered: in this bulletin, we will designate the Bailee as « merchant » and the Bailor « financial » for the intimacy of the expression. However, in the new PPSA lexicon, these parties are the « Grantor » or the « insured party » respectively. Financiers have to get used to the idea that a merchant is a « grantor », while a bailee has only a property right and no shares of ownership of the goods to « grant » to the financier! The term « KKSA » also refers to property that has an interest in security – another term imported from North America that financiers must get used to. Link comes from French and originally means « line, » « string » or « tie. » In the law a pawning right, a charge on the property to ensure the payment. is the judgment that someone has on another`s property. It is indeed comparable to an interest in security. A usual type is the mechanic`s pledge that allows someone who equips the work, services or materials to improve the property. (« mechanic » here means someone who works with his hands). For example, a carpenter builds a room on your house and you don`t pay for it; he can get a pledge right on your home, which means he has a real estate interest in the house and he can initiate foreclosure proceedings if you still don`t pay. Similarly, a bailee would have a pledge on the surety in his possession and would not be obliged to return it to the Bailor until he had been paid. Try to take your car from a parking lot without paying and see what happens.
The companion`s refusal to give you the car is perfectly legal according to a rule that is more than a century and a half old. As generally stated, the common law gives the leaseee the guarantee if it adds value to the property through its work, know-how or materials. But this finding of the rule is a little misleading, since the person who simply hosted the goods is entitled to a right of pawn, just like a person who modified or repaired the goods without measurably valuing them. Perhaps a better way to explain the rule is to create a pawn if the bailee brings a particular benefit to the goods (for example). B their preservation or repair). One of the radical effects of the PPSA is to allow third parties to assume property or other rights on property legally held by a financier, but free from the interests of the financier. There are some existing laws that have this effect, but the PPSA broadens the range of situations and should provide greater security and consistency to those who understand how the law works.